Tag Archives: Cambodia

About Cambodia on “From Third World to First”

It’s been a long but very interesting reading. It’s been inspiring and eye-opening. There are lessons about leadership, about relationship, about politics, about purposefulness, about confidence …. all of which I find incredibly empowering.

In addition to all above, here’s a short extract that I found really captivating and moving – definitely one of my favorite parts of the book.

“[…] I prefer to remember Cambodia as the oasis of peace and prosperity in the war-torn Indochina of the 1960s. Choo and I made our first visit to Phnom Penh, its capital, in 1962. Prince Norodom Sihanouk personally greeted us at the airport and had dancers in traditional costume scatter flower petals on the red carpet as we walked to the car after I had inspected a guard of honor. Phnom Penh was like a French provincial town, quiet and peaceful with wide boulevards reminiscent of the Champs Elysees in Paris lined with trees and flanked by side roads also shaded by trees. There was even a monumental archway, a Khmer version of the Arc de Triomphe, at the center of a major crossroads, the Place de e’independence. We stayed at the Palais du Gouvernement, formerly the residence of the French governor general, by the Mekong River. Sihanouk himself lived in the old palace. He entertained us to dinner in grand style, then flew us in his personal Russian aircraft to see Angkor Wat.

Sihanouk was an extraordinary personality, highly intelligent and full of energy and joie de vivre. He had the airs and graces of an educated French gentleman, with allt he accompanying gestures and mannerisms, and spoken English the French way. Medium in height, a little rotund, he had a broad face with flared nostrils like the stone carvings on the temples around Angkor Wat. He was an excellent host who made each visit a memorable and enjoyable occasion. His banquets of French haute cuisine, with the French wines and beautiful cutlery to match, were a treat. I remember going to his palace in the provincial of Batambang, driving up to a raised entrance typical of driveways in French chateaux. As we arrived, short Cambodian guards, looking dwarfed by their thigh-high gleaming black Napolenonic boots with helmets to match, saluted with glinting swords. The reception and banquet halls were luxuriously furnished and air-conditioned. There was a Western and a Cambodian orchestra. Foreign diplomats were in attendance. It was a royal occasion.

The prince was mercurial, hypersensitive to criticism. He would answer every press article that was in any way critical. Politics for him was the press and publicity. When he was overthrown in the 1970 coup he said that he sought refuge in Beijing because he feared for his life. I believe that had he returned to Cambodia then, no soldier would have dared to shoot him on arrival at the airport. He was their god-king. He had kept Cambodia an oasis of peace and plenty in a troubled, war-ravaged Indochina by maintaining a precarious balance between the communists and the West. He sought the friendship and protection of the Chinese while he kept his ties with the West through France. When he stayed in Beijing instead of returning to defy the coup makers, the old Cambodia was destroyed.

I met him again when he came to Singapore in September 1981 for talks on forming a coalition with the Khmer Rouge. It was a changed Shihanouk. He had gone back to Phnom Penh and been a captive of the Khmer Rouge. He had been through a harrowing time; many of his children and grandchildren had been killed by Pol Pot, and he himself was in fear for his life. The old bouncy Sihanouk had been destroyed. He laughter, the high-pitched shill voice when he got excited, his gestures—all were more muted. He was a living tragedy, a symbol of what had happened to his country and his people. The Chinese had rescued him just before the Vietnamese captured Phnom Penh at the beginning of 1979. He appeared before the UN Security Council to speak against the Vietnamese invasion, and he became the international symbol of Cambodian resistance. For a long time he was unforgiving and adamant against a coalition government with the Khmer Rouge.

After the Khmer Rouge occupied Phnom Penh, the Cambodians, or Kampucheans as they called themselves during Pol Pot’s regime, were not active in the region. A senior minister, Ieng Sary, visited me in March 1977. He was soft-spoken, round-faced, and chubby; he looked the softest, kindest person, one who would look after babies tenderly. He was the brother-in-law and trusted aide of the infamous Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge leader who had slaughtered from 1 to 2 million Cambodians out of the a population of 7 million, including most of the educated, Cambodia’s brightest and best. He made no reference to this genocide and I decided against questing him. He was bound to deny, as their Khmer rouge broadcasts did, that it ever took place. Ieng Sary was realistic. He wanted trade—barter trade. He needed spare parts for factories, pumps for irrigation, and outboard motors for their finishing boats. In exchange, he offered fish from the Tonle Sap, Cambodia’s famous inland lake which flooded every year and produced excellent fish. The barter trade did not flourish (they had problems with logistics), so we had little trade or anything else to do with them.

Relations between Vietnam and Cambodia deteriorated with border clashes. Vietnam attached Cambodia in 1978 and captured it in January 1979. Thereafter, Cambodia existed in my consciousness only through our activities in and out of the UN to garner votes to block the Vietnamese puppet government from taking over Cambodia’s UN seat, and through our support for Cambodian resistance forces operating from the Thai-Cambodian border.

Sihanouk’s son, Prince Ranariddh, I had met several times between 1981 and 1991. His father had placed him in charge of the royalist forces near the Thai border with Cambodia. Ranariddh resembled his father in voice, mannerisms, facial expression, and body language. He was darker-complexioned and smaller, more equable in temperament and less swayed by the mood of the moment, but otherwise much in the same mold. He had his father’s fluency in French and had taught law in Lyon University before he took over the leadership of the royalist forces.

When I inspected their training camp in northeast Thailand in the 1980s I noted that it was not well organized and lacked military spirit. It was the best Ranariddh could do because, like him, his generals and officers spent more time in Bangkok than in the camp. As we were supporting them with weapons and radio equipment, I felt disappointed. After the 1991 settlement, the big aid donors took over. Ranariddh became the first prime minister (with Hun Sen as second prime minister) when his party won the 1993 UN-organized election. When we met in Singapore that August, I warned him that the coalition was a precarious arrangement. The military, police, and administration belonged to Hun Sen. If he wanted to survive, Ranariddh had to win over a part of Hun Sen’s army and police officers and some of the provincial governors. Being called the first prime minister and having his man appointed dense minister were of little value when the officers and troops were loyal to Hun Sen. He probably did not take my words to heart. He might have believed that his royal blood would assure him the support of the people, that he would be irreplaceable.

I met Hun Sen in Singapore in December that same year. He was a totally different character, a tough survivor of the Khmer Rouge, a prime minister appointed by the Vietnamese in the 1980s but agile enough to distance himself from them and be acceptable to the Americans and West Europeans. He left an impression of strength and ruthlessness. He understood power, that it came from the barrel of the gun, which he was determined to hold. Once the Khmer Rouge was on the decline, and Ranariddh could no longer team up with them to challenge him, Hun Sen ousted him in 1997 and took complete control, while remaining nominally second prime minister. Sihanouk had become king again after the 1993 election, but his poor health and frequent absences from Cambodia for cancer treatment in Beijing had taken him of the cockpit of power now occupied completely by Hun Sen and his army.

Cambodia is like a porcelain vase that has been smashed into myriads of shards. To put them together will be a slow and laborious task. As with all the mended porcelain, it cannot withstand much pressure. Pol Pot had killed 90 percent of Cambodia’s intelligentsia and trained personnel. The country now lacks a coherent administration. The people have been accustomed to lawless conditions for so long that they are no longer law-abiding. Only the gun is feared.

The people of Cambodia are the losers. The country is crushed, its educated class decimated, its economy devastated. Hun Sen’s coup caused Cambodia’s admission into ASEAN to be postponed. It was eventually admitted in April 1999 because no country wanted to spend US$2 billion for another UN operation to hold fair elections. Cambodia had had 27 years of war since Lon Nol’s 1970 coup. Its present leaders are the products of bitter, relentless struggles in which opponents were either eliminated or neutralized. They are utterly merciless and ruthless, without humane feelings. History has been cruel to the Cambodians.]

Page 324-328, “From Third World to First” by LKY


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Have your name on it! ;)

Woohoo! Have you seen Coke cans with the customized names on them? I have ones for my sister and her friend. They’re going to keep these forever. Thank you, Coca Cola! These cans are going to be available in the market very soon. You can also find ones for all family members and friends as a gift for them!
យូហ៊ូ អ្នក​មាន​បាន​ឃើញ​កំប៉ុង​កូកា​ថ្មី​ដែល​មាន​ឈ្មោះ​ហើយ​ឬនៅ? ខ្ញុំ​បាន​ទិញ​វា​១​ដែរ​ឲ្យប្អូនស្រីនិង​មិត្តរបស់នាង។ ពួក​គេ​ប្រាកដ​​ជា​នឹង​ទុក​វា​រហូត​ហើយ​មើល​ទៅ ហាហា។ អរគុណ​កូកា​កូឡា​! កំប៉ុង​ទាំង​នេះ​នឹង​មា​ន​លើ​ទីផ្សារ​ក្នុង​ពេល​ឆាប់ៗ​នេះ។  អ្នកអាច​រក​កំប៉ុងបែបនេះសំរាប់ក្រុមគ្រួសារ​និងមិត្តភក្តិអ្នក​ អោយ​ជា​កាដូ​ដល់​ពួក​គេ!
Longdy_17 May

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Something Special for Our Friends?

Life wouldn’t be the same without great friends. Share this special friends Coke can with your best ones and let them know how much they mean to you.
ជីវិត​ពិត​ជា​មិន​ដូច​គ្នា​ទេ​បើ​គ្មាន​មិត្តភក្តិ។ ចែក​រំលែក​កូកា​កំប៉ុង​ថ្មី នេះទៅកាន់​ពួក​ម៉ាក​សំខាន់​អ្នក​ ហើយ​ឲ្យពួក​គេ​ដឹង​ថា​ពួក​មាន​ន័យ​ប៉ុន្មាន​ចំពោះ​អ្នក។
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Happy Mother’s Day!

How often do we get to make our Mom feel special? Now you can just by giving her the ‘Mom’ Coke can to make her happy on Mother’s Day :)))

តើអ្នកអាចធ្វើឲ្យម៉ាក់របស់អ្នកមានអារម្មណ៌ពិសេសញឹកញាប់ប៉ុនណ្ណា? ឥលូវអ្នកអាចធ្វើបាន ដោយគ្រាន់តែជូនកំប៉ុងកូកាមានអក្សរ “អ្នកម៉ាក់” ដើម្បីអបអរទិវាមាតាថ្ងៃនេះ!! ‪#‎ShareACoke‬ Coca-Cola Coca-Cola Company


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Heroes of the Modern World

Recently I came across a few things online, all at different times and somehow about different things, but they seem to share a connection – a connection that I find rather intriguing.

A few months ago I spent a few good hours watching and being memorized by the legacies of a few individuals whose lives left so much impact on the modern world. Italy gave the world Galileo Galilei, Britain gave us Isaac Newton, and Germany/Switzerland is home to the legendary Albert Einstein. Their lives were studied and made part of history lessons and lessons of many other disciplines of science. Their findings and work gave birth to limitless possibilities of the modern knowledge. It’s almost as intriguing to contemplate on the real size of the universe, as to think how the world would be if the theory of relativity of Einstein was never formulated, was never recorded, or was forever lost beyond Einstein’s generation.

In the documentary about Galileo Galilei, the life of his daughter and their relationship was rather important to the storyline and what was mentioned as uncertain about this relationship was how Galilei was to her daughter, his feeling and affection towards her. They were mostly separated and their communications was by exchanging letters, and the depiction of this father-daughter relationship was written up and told based on the letters that she wrote to him; not one single letter from Galilei to his daughter was retrieved. This got me to wonder – how would Galilei, Einstein and Newton otherwise be to the modern world if the records of their lives and their findings had never been retrieved? Of course, to us, they would have been just a nobody, just like millions of other human beings that have stepped on this Earth.

And here I am, among the people that live thousands of miles away, in Cambodia, a tropical country in Southeast Asia with more than 2000 years of history. Having marveled at Italy, Germany and Britain for giving these heroes, these geniuses, I felt somehow belittled by the question – who has this 2000+ year old civilizations produced for the world? not one?

Recently, I came across a few other things, through facebook, through other social media platforms, and through some random conversations I had with friends. Look at this:


Have you heard of Angkor Wat? It is one of a thousand ancient temples built far before Galieli was born, in Cambodia, by the Khmer Empire. And seems like its architect, sculptors, or engineers were aware of dinosaurs – species that went extinct 65 million years ago. Maybe this ain’t really a dinosaur? But what if it is? How did they come to know of such creatures, without internet, without airplanes, without today’s carbon dating technology? Maybe Cambodia was also home to great minds, to geniuses whose work could forever change the modern science. It’s not just this dinosaur thing; how such gigantic structure was completed in just 35 years, how a lot of things were designed semantical (or in a certain clever way) to the positions of the stars (in certain astronomical sense), and how the ancestors of this small, underdeveloped country were the architects of the largest city/civilization in the continent before the Industrial Revolution still have left today’s greatest minds baffled.

What if the lives, the learning, the glamour and the knowledge of the great minds behind all of this ancient mega-city had been as well recorded, and had found their ways to enrich the intellects of today? Maybe Cambodia did have some amazing legacies highly valuable for the modern knowledge.

Unfortunately, this will forever be just a what-if and a mystery. And civilizations like ones of Petra, the Pyramids of Gaza, the Mayan Pyramids and many more must have also been home to some of the greatest minds, architects, scientists, mathematicians, physicians…, whose legacies were unfortunately as well lost with times.

Human civilizations would have been very different; technologies to travel through space and time would already be part of life as we know it. By this century we might probably already know someone from Earth that had migrated to another planet or even another universe to call to.

By the way, here are a few videos that inspires this post.

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Reforms at the Ministry of Commerce

My morning was well-spent attending a seminar delivered by the Minister himself, where he talked about new reforms that the Ministry has been working on, so that it can optimize its role in serving the development of Cambodia. It was inspiring to see and listen to a leader of such passion, ideas, ambition and good heart for Cambodia and like my friend said, I hope it was all genuine and true.


For those that were not there at the event, let me share a few things that I noted down from the remark and presentation that the Minister Sun Chanthol delivered:

Elimination of C/O (Certification of Origin): He said, unlike before, exporting to countries like the US do not require certificates of origin anymore, so there’s no need to create hassles by requiring our farmers, investors and businessmen to waste resources and slow down their operation by requesting issuance of C/O from the MoC. A C/O costs 38$ and the making of it needs signatures and stamp print of certain authority at the Ministry, which also incurs more workload for the Ministry. This might also mean less revenue for the Ministry but they are willing to trade this for more efficiency and for encouragement for our investors/businessmen/exporters.

Online Platform: The Ministry aims to put in place an efficient online platform to serve the needs of entrepreneurs and relevant stakeholders. Some officers will be sent to study good case practices of online operation from the government of Singapore, so that in the future, we all don’t have to endure unnecessary red tapes of, for example, registering a certain trademarks or names. The idea is so that certain names/trademarks/brands etc. can be checked for availability online and the registration process only includes several simple steps, all of which can be completed online from the comfort of our own room.

Research Institute for Farmers: With the support of World Bank (about 60,000 USD in funding), the Ministry is investing in a research institute that works on collecting and analyzing data to arrive at valuable information to provide to our local farmers so that they can make well informed decisions. Currently, a lot of farmers make some really big decisions by following the crowd and different rumors, which sometimes results in big losses and substantial drop in the values of their production. Lack of information is seen as a root cause to this problem and the institute is meant to tackle exactly this.

Hotline: Highly responsive hotline will be put in place so that any irregularities, including corruption, violation of human rights, or any problems concerning food and agricultural sectors etc. can be instantly, and in a simple way, reported.

Great Effort in Attracting Investors: The Ministry and authorities involved have put in big efforts in activities that can promote Cambodia as a golden destination for investment. Cambodia has been presented as the centre of ASEAN. “Invest in Cambodia, we’ll have 14.7 million customers; Invest in Cambodia and you’ll have 600 million customers (ASEAN population) at your doorsteps.” The Minister has been travelling to potential countries, sometimes with groups of local businessmen, to entice different stakeholders to come invest in Cambodia.

Online Presence: It has been 7 months since the creation of MoC’s facebook fan page. Currently there are about 34k likes, which is expected to grow to 100k soon. The Ministry is also reforming their website, renovating its look and ensuring high level of transparency towards the public through the highly engaging world of the internet. IMAG2564

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Beautiful Places around the World

Siem Reap, Cambodia
siem reap

Koh Kong & Sihanoukville, Cambodia
kohkong kps

Takeo, Cambodia

Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Kratie, Cambodia


Other province, Cambodia

other provinces


Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
kuala lumpur



 Hong Kong








Dubai, the United Arab Emirates


Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates

Moscow, Russia


St. Petersberg, Russia

Istanbul, Turkey


Corum, Turkey

Athens, Greece

Malta, Malta

Victoria, Malta

Rome, Italy & Vatican City

Le Cinque Terre, Italy

Pisa, Italy

Florence, Italy


Padua, Italy


Venice, Italy


Vicenza, Italy

Verona, Italy


Milan, Italy

Trento, Italy

Feltre & Pedavena, Italy

Feltre and Pedavenaa

Ferrara, Italy
castello estense-ferrara

Cittadella & Marostica, Italy

Rhine Falls, Switzerland

Zurich, Switzerland

Heidelberg, Germany

Speyer, Germany

Munich, Germany

Bled, Slovenia

Ljubljana, Slovenia

Graz, Austria

Vienna, Austria

Paris, France

Belgrade, Serbia

Budapest, Hungary


The United States of America

“The world is a book and those who do not travel read only one page.” – St. Augustine

“Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness.” – Mark Twain

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From inside the Shoes of the Powerful

Almost 10 months since the last national election, the government of Cambodia is still somehow in deadlock. The opposition can’t seem to let go of their demand for “justice” and democratic resolutions, while the one in power can’t seem to care any less. On the International Labour Day, May 1, we saw some ridiculous acts and frustrating news – with again civilians and even a reporter being injured.

An image I saw shared on facebook, of a reporter having been beaten down for doing his job in the name of free press!

Why is this happening? Let’s try to look at this whole things by putting ourselves in our PM’s shoes: Continue reading From inside the Shoes of the Powerful

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Top Places to Visit in Phnom Penh

Have you ever considered coming to Cambodia? Hmm….some may say yeah only with some obvious reluctance. When in Europe, I met quite a few people, always getting asked or telling where I was from. Some responded with quite a surprise, some receiving it normally, and a few with a frown not knowing where on earth Cambodia is, whether in Africa or somewhere so remote where everyone still live in small cottages with no electricity, no modernization of any sort and so on.

While in the airport in Treviso (Aeroporto di Treviso), just before Easter holiday a few years ago, I met a fellow Erasmus student. He’s from England and the minute he heard I was from Cambodia, he told me how much he wanted to experience some travelling in Cambodia, saying that that part of the world was like a dream destinations for him and his people, the Brits or the European.

People from the West usually know much more about and are more interested in Vietnam and especially Thailand, our neighbouring countries, which have done amazingly well with publicity that presents many positive and attractive images to the world. Cambodia, although less developed and with little being advertised to the world, has similar things to offer. Definitely, there’s a lot other people can explore when coming to Cambodia. From developed world where all are well in place, with high-rise buildings, all the modern technology and better standard of living, exploring Cambodia can be an exciting different experience. We have the culture, the history, and the way of living that can really fascinate foreigners. Although its features may not be absolutely fascinating for some, for those who enjoy exploring differences and gaining new exciting experiences, some days in Cambodia can be truly amazing.

Maybe not for now, but if you have any intention of coming to Cambodia in the future, its Capital City, Phnom Penh, shouldn’t be excluded from your list of places to visit. Besides being the economic and political centre of the country, Phnom Penh is also home to many other varieties, from the Royal Palace where our king resides and the Prison S21 concentration camp, remaining of the notorious Khmer Rouge Regime, to many different types of exotic foods and a growing number of western-influenced pubs and clubs for westerners as well as the local to enjoy.

And here are the top places everyone should include in their must-visit places when in Phnom Penh. Continue reading Top Places to Visit in Phnom Penh

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Angkor Park, where nature and ancient culture blend and create magic

What makes Angkor Wat so beautiful and a trip in Siem Reap so pleasant? The answer to this question can be viewed as something really subjective, but I’m going to try to make this more than just a subjective post. I’m going to do my very best to convince and take you onboard, or at least for you to see from my perspective the aspects behind such inexplicable beauty that attracts nothing but long minutes of memorized gasps from visitors.

The magic starts from the time ones reach the avenue that leads to the Angkor Park. With a few other bloggers on the same tuk-tuk as me, we were with our relaxed mind, breathing in the air that’s blessed by the beauty of tall, gigantic trees. They seem to be welcoming us to what might later strike our tourist experience big time (especially for those first-timers in this god-like place). Then, deeper into the park, where the space gets a little more open, a very amazing view awaits us – the Angkor Wat zone stands with a small forest surrounded by a lake. The trees on the island that popped up amidst the lake simply blend with its surroundings and create unimaginable beauty.

Continue reading Angkor Park, where nature and ancient culture blend and create magic

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